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Standards that are considered for Instrumentation Design

Standards and Codes are very important for Instrumentation Engineers. This article is about Standards that are considered for Instrumentation Design.


According to my previous post regarding Top Organizations that made standards for industrial instrumentation and automation. You already know which are the organizations that made standards for Industry.

In this post, I list all the standards and codes made by these organizations that are related to the instrumentation field.

My goal is to list out all the most commonly used industry standards that instrumentation engineers may come across.

If you are new to this website and have not seen my article on the Top organizations that made standards for the industry then please check out my article by clicking the button below.

1. American Gas Association (AGA)

Sr. No.StandardsDetails
1AGA Report No. 3Orifice Metering of Natural Gas
2AGA Report No. 8Compressibility and Super-compressibility for Natural Gas and other Hydrocarbons.
3AGA Report No. 9
Measurement of Gas by Multipath Ultrasonic Meters
American Gas Association (AGA) Standard

2. American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

Sr. No.StandardsDetails
1ANSI B 2.1Pipe Threads
2ANSI B 16.5Steel Pipe Flanges, Flanged Valves, and Fittings
3B 16.10Face to Face and End to End Dimensions of Ferrous Valves
4B 16.34Hydrostatic body and leak testing of isolation valves.
5B 16.37Hydrostatic Testing of Control Valves
6B 16.104Control Valve Leakage
7FCI 70.2Leak Testing of Control Valves
8ANSI C 96.1Temperature Measurement Thermocouples
9ANSI B 1.20.1Pipe Threads, General Purpose
10MC 96.1Temperature Measurement Thermocouples
American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Standards

3. American Petroleum Institute (API)

Sr. No.StandardsDetails
1API 6DSpecification for pipeline valves
2API 6FAFire Test for Valves
3API RP 500Classification of Locations for Electrical Installations at Petroleum Facilities Classified as Class 1, Division 1, and Division 2
4API RP 520Sizing, Selection, and Installation of Pressure Relieving Devices in Refineries, Part I and Part II
5API RP 521Guide for Pressure Relief and Depressing Systems
6API RP 526Flanged Steel Safety Relief Valves
7API RP 527Commercial Seat Tightness of Safety Relief valves with Metal-to-Metal Seats
8API RP 550Manual on Installation of Refinery Instruments and Control Systems
9API RP 551 Process Measurement Instrumentation
10API RP 552Transmission Systems
11API RP 554Process Instruments and Control
12API RP 555Process Analyzers
13API 598Valve Inspection and Testing
14API Standard 2000Venting Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks: Non-refrigerated and refrigerated.
15API 1101Measurement of Petroleum Liquid Hydrocarbons by Positive Displacement Meter
16API RP 2001Fire Protection in Refineries
17API 2534Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Turbine Meter Systems
API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards – Measurement of Crude Oil by Coriolis Meter
American Petroleum Institute (API) Standards

4. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

Sr. No.StandardsDetails
1ASME PTC 19.3Performance Test Code Temperature Measurement
2ASME Section VIIISizing and Selection of Pressure Relief Valves
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

5. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

Sr. No.StandardsDetails
1ASTM A269Stainless Steel Tube
2ASTM A276.316LStainless Steel Fittings
3ASTM 370Standard Test methods and definitions for Mechanical Testing of steel products
4ASTM 450General Requirements for Carbon, Ferritic Alloy, and Austenitic Alloy Steel Tubes
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard

6. British Standards

Sr. No.StandardsDetails
1BS 1904Specification for industrial platinum resistance thermometer sensors
2BS 4937International Thermocouple Reference Tables
3BS 5501Electrical Apparatus for Potentially Explosive Atmospheres
4BS EN 60529Specification for degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP) codes

7. International Electro-technical Commission (IEC)

Sr. No.StandardsDetails
1IEC STD 801Part 3 – EMI and RFI Immunity
2IEC 60092-373Shipboard flexible coaxial cables
3IEC 60092-359Specification for insulation and sheath of electric cables
4IEC 60227Polyvinyl chloride insulated cables of rated voltages up to and including 440/750 V
5IEC 60331Fire resisting characteristics of electric cables
6IEC 60332-1Tests on electric cables under fire conditions Part I: Tests on single vertical insulated wire or cable
7IEC 60332-3Tests on electric cables under fire conditions Part II: Tests on a single small vertical insulated copper wire or cable
8IEC 61508-1-7Functional safety on electrical/ electronic/ programmable electronic safety-related systems
9IEC 61000-4-2Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and Measurement Techniques – Section 2: Electrostatic Discharge Immunity Test
10IEC 61000-4-3Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and Measurement Techniques – Section 3: Radiated, Radio-Frequency, Electromagnetic Field Immunity Test
11IEC 61131-31993 Programmable Controllers – Part 3: Programming languages
International Electro-technical Commission (IEC) Standards

8. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)

Sr. No.StandardsDetails
1IEEE STD.472Surge Withstand Capabilities
2IEEE C37.90.1Standard Surge Withstand Capability (SWC) Tests for Protective Relays and Relay Systems
3IEEE 730The standard for Software Quality Assurance Plans Revision of IEEE Std 730-84 and Re-designation of IEEE 730.1-89; IEEE Computer Society Document
4IEEE 828The standard for Software Configuration of Management Plans
5IEEE 1042Guide to Software Configuration management IEEE Computer Society Document
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Standards

9. Instrumentation Society of Automation (ISA)

Sr. No.StandardsDetails
1ISA 5.1Instrumentation Symbols and Identification
2ISA 7.0.01Quality Standard for Instrument Air
3ISA/ANSI-S 84.01Application of Safety Instrumented Systems for the Process Industry
4ISA 912.13Part I: Performance Requirements, Combustible Gas Detectors
Part II: Installation, Operation, and Maintenance of Combustible Gas Detectors
5ISA S 71.01Environmental Conditions for Process Measurement and Control Systems: Temperature and Humidity
6ISA S 71.04Environmental Conditions for Process Measurement and Control Systems: Airborne contaminants
7ISA S 75.01.01Flow equations for sizing control valves
8ISA 75.03Face to Face Dimensions for Flanged Globe Style Control valves
Instrumentation Society of Automation (ISA) Standards

10. International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

Sr. No.StandardsDetails
1ISO 5167Measurement of Fluid Flow by means of Orifice Plates
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Standard

11. National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE)

Sr. No.StandardsDetails
1NACE MR 0175Sulfide Stress Cracking resistant metallic materials for oilfield equipment
National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) Standard

12. National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)

Sr. No.StandardsDetails
1NEMA 250Enclosures for Electrical Equipment (1000 Volts maximum)
National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) Standard

13. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)

Sr. No.StandardsDetails
1NFPA 70National Electrical Code
2NFPA 1Fire Protection Code
3NFPA 72 EAutomatic Fire Detectors
4NFPA 496Standard for Purged and Pressurized Enclosures for Electrical Equipment
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standards

13. Other

1EE170E.98 ER & E Version 1.0Alarm Management Guidelines
2(EEMUA) publication No. 191Alarm Systems – a Guide to Design Management and Procurement
Other Standards

EndNote: –

I think now you have a better idea about the standards used for industrial instrumentation.

This is not a complete list if you used and standard that is not listed in this article then please comment below. If I find other standards that are used in instrumentation, I will add them in the future.

If you find this article interesting then you will also like my previous article on What is SCADA?

Instrumentation and Control Engineer | IAS Member

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